Treatment of superficial venous incompetence with the SAVAS technique–(Section Ambulatoire des Varices avec Sclérothérapie). A 4 year randomised, controlled trial comparing venous hemodynamic and costing after SAVAS, sclerotherapy and the dentist’s technique.
- 1Cardiovascular institute, G. D’Annunzio University, Chieti, Italie.
Three techniques for treatment of chronic venous incompetence on an out patients basis were compared in a randomised study. One hundred thirty eight limbs (107 patients) with superficial venous incompetence were randomly treated with the dentist’s technique (DT) [Group A, 44 limbs], compression sclerotherapy (CS) [Group B, 45 limbs] or the SAVAS (section en Ambulatoire des Varices avec Sclérothérapie) technique [Group C, 49 limbs]. Patients were evaluated and followed up (every year for 4 years) with ambulatory venous pressure (AVP) measurements and Quantum angiodynography (colour duplex scanning). DT consisted in the section under local anesthesia of incompetent veins. CS was done injecting polidocanol 3% with compression applied for 4 weeks. The SAVAS was done with a combination of DT and CS with section of the incompetent veins under local anesthesia and retrograde injection in the distal vein of polidocanol 3%. With this type of injection only incompetent veins were perfused. After 4 years there was a significantly lower refilling time (RT) with AVP in the SAVAS group (21 sec). RT was 13 sec in group B and 16 in A. The number of significantly incompetent residual veins was in average 0.5 in the SAVAS group, significantly lower than in the other two groups. Also the average cost per treated limb was significantly lower in the SAVAS group (917 francs in comparison with 1100 in group A and 1211 in group B). In conclusion considering the four year follow up, the SAVAS technique is a more effective treatment of superficial venous incompetence, its hemodynamic value is superior to sclerotherapy alone and its costs are lower.
PMID: 2010700[PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]